Monica Holloman, Historian
The first people to live on the Coast were the American Indians. The Biloxi, the Pascagoula, and the Moctobi tribes lived on the banks of the Pascagoula River, while the Acolapissa tribe lived near the Pearl River. The Gulf Coast Indians built long, one-story houses of mud, with bark roofs. They surrounded their villages with protective stockades and watch towers made of logs. The large piles of shells (called “middens”) which they left showed that they ate oysters and other seafood. They also grew corn and other vegetables. They hunted the big game of the Gulf Coast: buffalo, bear, and deer.